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1 Nov 12, 2017
QUASI PSEUDO PROJECTIVE MODULE & QUASI PSEUDO INJECTIVE MODULE

We generalize the pseudo projective and pseudo Injective module by Wu and jans (1967). Characterizations of semisimple rings by using pseudo Injective and that of Commutative semi-simple ring by using pseudo Injectivity have been provided (Singh and Jain 1967). It has also been provided that if every module has a pseudo projective cover then it is also has a quasi projective cover and hence a projective cover....

Authors: Shubhanka Tiwari, M.R. Aloney.

2 Nov 12, 2017
EFFICIENT AND COMPATIBLE VLSI ARCHITECTURE OF PARALLEL MULTIPLIER AND ACCUMULATOR

In the developing demand of todays life there is a requirements for high speed operations of digital signal processing and other similar applications. This need high speed low power, less delay and compact accurate circuits. Multiplication and addition are the major required operations for digital signal processing. This need is fulfilled by using new architectures for modified booth algorithm ,carry save adder and Wallace tree. Modified booth algorithm increases the speed by reducing the number of partial products and carry save adder performs the sum of partial products which further reduces the delay and power. New architectures are designed, simulated and synthesized using XILINX ISE.Delay and power analysis are shown in the result....

Authors: PratibhadeviTapashetti, Praveenkumar.

3 Nov 12, 2017
SOME FIXED POINT RESULTS IN HILBERT SPACE FOR RATIONAL MAPPING

In this paper, some results on fixed point theorem in Hilbert Space by using self mapping are established for new rational expressions. The results will extend and generalized wellknown previous results....

Authors: Pankaj Patel, Mahesh Tiwari.

4 Nov 12, 2017
TEMPORAL COASTAL CHANGES ALONG RAMESWARAM COAST, TAMIL NADU

The coastal ecosystems are under pressure on account of increased anthropogenic activity on the coast, as a result of globalization. It is necessary to protect these coastal ecosystems to ensure sustainable development. This requires information on habitats, coastal processes and natural hazards on a repetitive basis. The modern scientific tools of remote sensing, GIS and GPS are extremely valuable in coastal environmental studies. Multi-date satellite data, Survey of India Topographic map, Naval Hydrographic Chart and convectional bathymetry survey have been used to generate the coastal ecosystem, coastal land use and land cover, shoreline and bathymetry maps. The analysis of multi-date coral reef maps showed that 5.256km² of reef area and 7.951km² reef vegetation in Rameswaram coast have been lost over a period of ten years (1988-1998). The changes in coastal land use/land cover indicate that the major changes occurred in mangrove, crop land, fallow land, agriculture plantation, forest plantation, scrub land, sandy area and tanks. The analysis of multi-date shoreline maps (1969-1998) showed that 2.065km² and 1.436 km² of the mainland coast and 0.545km² and 0.887km² areas of island coast have been eroded and accreted in Rameswaram coast. The analysis of multi-date bathymetry data (1975-1999) indicates that, the depth of seafloor have decreased along the coast and around the islands. The coastal ecosystem particularly coral reef ecosystem is very severely affected by anthropogenic and natural factors. The validation by ground truth has also confirmed these results....

Authors: M. Thanikachalam, S. K. Nimalan.

5 Nov 12, 2017
GEOSPATIAL TECHNOLOGIES FOR IDENTIFICATION OF POTENTIAL AQUACULTURE AREAS IN ANDHRA PRADESH, A CASE STUDY OF KRISHNA DISTRICT

Aquaculture is a highly profitable venture in India also it has increased the availability of nutritive food for the growing population, the government of Andhra Pradesh has identified the fisheries sector as a Growth Engine for Socio Economic Development of the new state of Andhra Pradesh. At the same time A.P Government accords top priority to enhance the fish production to 42 lakh tones in the next five years from the present level of 19.64 lakh tones and to double the exports value from the present level of Rs.16000 crores. Remote Sensing and Geospatial Information System can be effectively used for identification of existing aquaculture and map the Potential aquaculture area. The study was conducted in coastal district of Krishna in Andhra Pradesh for identification of aquaculture potential areas and existing/dry/abandon aquaculture ponds using high resolution IRS LISS-IV satellite data (March-April 2014-15). The aqua pond farmer and management details where collected through enumeration in the field. Study was carried out Mandal/Village/Creek/Cluster/FPO (Farmer Producer Organization) wise for identification of potential aquaculture areas in Krishna district, using visual Interpretation approach. In Krishna district, 60,171 ha were existing as aquaculture ponds and another 23,088 ha was found to be Potential aquaculture areas. The parcel boundaries (Cadastral layer) were superimposed on the Aqua Ponds. The area in Krishna district equals to 37 percent of the total aquaculture in Andhra Pradesh, and Machilipatnam mandal 6,049.ha highest aqua potential area was found....

Authors: Raghuveer Naidu K, V.V.R.M.Narayana Rao,K.V.Ramana.

6 Nov 12, 2017
GEOLOGICAL, GEOMORPHOLOGICAL AND LINEAMENT MAPPING USING REMOTE SENSING AND GIS - A TOOL FOR LAND USE PLANNING IN TIRUCHCHIRAPPALLI DISTRICTS OF TAMIL NADU

Land use planning is mandate for developing countries like India. This study aims to map the distribution of rock units, geomorphological landforms and lineaments Patten across a Tiruchchirappalli district for land use planning. Geological map is a graphical presentation of geological observations and interpretations on a horizontal plane. The geological survey of India map has been used for Geological map creation and Landsat OLI satellite data for geomorphological landforms mapping in 1:50000 scale. The lineament map was created using Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) satellite data. Granite gneiss and Charnockite were majorly covered in the study area. In the geomorphological landforms alluvial plain, pediment, pediplain were highly observed in the mapping. From the interpretation of lineaments NE-SW, NW-SE trends were vastly mapped. It can be used effectively in different urban Land use planning practices and geomorphological hazard mapping....

Authors: A. Balukkarasu, B. Santhosh Kumar.

7 Nov 12, 2017
EFFICIENT METHOD FOR HAZE REMOVAL FROM IMAGE CAPUTERED IN FOGGY ENVIRONMENT

Images are very important parts of dat to day life. They plays very important role in analyzing traffic on roadways, railways and airways.Sometimes due to bad weather effect the analysis through these images becomes difficult. As weather effect degrade the quality of images and those images suffer low contrast, color alteration and shrink the resolution of the captured object in open-air. The reason behind this problem is that the light capture by the lens of the capturing device get spread by the atmosphere. So it was found that conventional techniques used for enhancing the images are not sufficient for removing foggy effect or any other weather effect from the captured images. In this work, we have analyzed the hand techniques employed for image processing. And through that analysis we propose a technique which is efficient technique for enhancing the quality of degraded images. This technique consists of two phases, the first phase is used to remove fog from an image using a Fog removal prior knowledge of image. And after that Second phase is to enhance the quality of image for high visibility using FFT (Fast Fourier Transformation). This method is works for weather conditions like rains, smog, fog etc....

Authors: Ashish Saxena, Vinod Mane, Ashwini Abhale.

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